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Interior painting: tools and process


Interior painting: tools and process

The painting of the interiors is necessary both for the renewal of the space and for its maintenance. If you have the time and mood to paint the interior of your home yourself, in addition to the types of paints and materials that we have mentioned in detail in our previous articles, it is useful to know the materials, tools you will need and the process. step by step to follow.

Painting: Basic tools

  • Paint rollers: They are available in the market in various sizes and are made of synthetic fur, fabric or sponge. Depending on the surface you want to paint, trowel or trowel, you need to choose the right one. Most roller shutters can be fitted with a handle so you can paint the walls high or the ceiling without the use of a ladder.
  • Paint brushes: For details, corners, plaster decorations, etc., you will definitely need some brushes. You can find in different sizes and choose according to your needs. Do not miss before you buy them to see if you are comfortable holding them. Similar to roller shutters, there are brushes that can be fitted with a handle, however, if you want to pay attention to detail, you will need to use a ladder.
  • Trays – Grills: The tray is a shallow plastic container in which a small amount of paint can enter. It is especially useful because it is easily transferred and on one side it has a surface suitable for draining the roller or the brush from the unnecessary amount of paint. Alternatively, there are plastic grilles to remove excess paint from the roller or brush, which are placed directly on the paint bucket.

Additionally, you will need paper tapes to cover frames, skirting boards and switches that are in contact with the surfaces you want to paint, cardboard to cover the entire floor of the areas to be painted and nylon to cover and protect the furniture in the area. Especially for electrical switches and sockets, the good practice is to completely remove the caps before painting. You will also need putty to repair the damage to the walls and sandpaper in different numbers (36, 80 and 100-120) to smooth the surface after plastering. And of course you should also get the colors you have chosen in the right quantities.

Regarding the quantity, you should have previously measured the square meters of the surfaces that will be painted and will guide you from the store for the required quantities. Gloves can also be useful if you want to keep your hands clean, and wet cloths to immediately clean splashes or drops.

Preparing the space for painting

Before you start painting the walls, you need to properly prepare the space. The existing furniture should all be gathered in the center of the room and covered with nylon. Then the floor should be covered with cardboard, which should be fastened with paper tape, so as not to move during painting.

Next is the placement of paper tapes on all surfaces that are perpendicular to the walls to be painted, such as skirting boards, door and window frames and switches. The paper tape, in addition to protecting the covered surfaces, also protects against imperfections. If you want to paint a surface with two or more different colors, it is necessary to place paper tape on the borders of each color for a perfect result.

Preparing the walls for painting

After completing the above, the walls are in order. From there you have to remove nails, shelves, etc. and clean them from dust. If there are bumps or flakes from the previous color, they must also be removed by scraping them with a spatula.
Areas where there are nail holes, surface damage or cracks (e.g in frames or skirting boards) should be closed with putty. For small cracks or holes there are ready-made acrylic putties that are easy to apply and dry very quickly. For larger cracks in the wall, consider using powder troweling putty, which you dilute with water, which is very easy to work with and is much cheaper than ready-made acrylic putty.

Once the putty is dry, it is time to rub and sand the entire surface to be painted. Initially, where there is enough putty you will use thick sandpaper (number 36). After sanding enough, you will pass the surface with medium sandpaper (number 80) and finally if you want detailed sanding you can pass the entire surface that will be painted with fine sandpaper (number 100-120), to have a perfect finish in painting.

Wall painting

After plastering and sanding there is the opinion that it is the turn of painting, especially for already painted walls. And yet it is wrong! The entire surface to be painted must first be coated with the appropriate substrate (commonly primer), to better apply the color you choose and longer life. The substrate significantly affects the final result after painting, prevents old stains from appearing in the new color and allows uniform painting. Be careful though! You have to let it dry very well.

Once the primer is well dried, the next step is painting. After diluting the paint with water or solvent, in a tray or bucket, according to the manufacturer’s instructions, with a brush you must paint the perimeter of the surface to be painted with the paper tapes you have placed. You can then roll over the rest of the surface. After this coat of paint dries well, repeat the same procedure for the second coat. If you want a brighter result, closer to the color you have chosen, or if the previous color was darker than the one you are applying now, you can apply a third coat.

After all the above you can admire your work! Do not rush to judge the result. At first the color because it has enough moisture may look darker. It should take several hours and dry very well to get the final result.

If the above process for the correct painting of your walls seems difficult or you do not have the required time, you can contact Gikas company and an experienced professional painter will visit your place and suggest the best and most economical solution.


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